[31] Historian Patrick Gallo, however, in For Love and Country: The Italian Resistance (University Press of America, 2003), argues that the Rome-based Resistance not only undermined German morale but also achieved important strategic objectives and was hence not a useless provocation, as contended by critics, but an act of legitimate military significance in furthering the Allied victory. The film is very dry though, and slow, and presumably not meant as pure entertainment. The route of the parade had been scouted for weeks in the minutest detail by some of the partisans. [8] Because of the time limit that Hitler had imposed, Mälzer and Kappler agreed that the victims would have to be shot in the back of the head at close range rather than by conventional firing squad.[9]. For an enhanced browsing experience, get the IMDb app on your smartphone or tablet. Herbert Kappler est également responsable de la fusillade du ghetto de Rome d’octobre 1943 et des tortures contre les partisans antifascistes dans la prison de la via Tasso. Foreseeing a German invasion, a coalition of Anti-Fascist parties and Monarchists formed the Committee of National Liberation (CLN). Avant de devenir l’âme damnée de Stallone dans les années 80 pour les jouissifs « Rambo 2 » et « Cobra », George Pan Cosmatos avait réalisé quelques films tout à fait estimables comme ce méconnu « Représailles » qui traite des dilemmes moraux d’un prêtre (Marcello Mastroianni) et d’un colonel SS (Richard Burton) dans Rome occupé en 1944. Leur procès débouche dans un premier temps sur un verdict plutôt clément, comme le souligne L'Humanité en 1997[5]. 27–33. The Nazis were in the habit of parading through the center of the city each day at 2 p.m. as a vivid reminder to the populace of just who was in control. One political prisoner, Padre Pietro Pappagallo, was one of the models for the character of Padre Pietro in Roberto Rossellini's pioneering neo-realist film Rome, Open City, filmed in 1944. Another, named Amon, testified at the trial of Kappler which was held in Italy in 1948;[12] saying that once he entered the cave and saw the piles of dead bodies, he fainted and was replaced by a comrade who pushed him aside and shot another victim. Members of the Resistance were eager for a major attack on the hated Nazi occupation forces when an idea had recently come forth. At about 3:10 a comrade brushed past the cart and mumbled: “If they don’t show in 10 minutes it’s all off.” This was the worst prospect of all, with the mere thought of criss-crossing the city again with the incriminating material enough to give anyone a stroke. Recrutement | Suddenly in the distance could be heard a muffled drum and chanting of many male voices. [19], For a number of reasons, including (but not limited to): the large number of victims; the fact that many of them were innocent civilians casually taken only to make up the number of those to be killed; the cruel methods implemented (even by Nazi standards) to carry out the massacre; the fact that the reprisal order had come directly from Adolf Hitler, and the hiding of the bodies, which were buried summarily instead of being returned to their families, the slaughter became a symbol of the various massacres carried out against civilians in Italy from September 8, 1943 until the German surrender on May 8, 1945. Normally, the parade route …

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