, "Stephen VI" redirects here. That's it. In early 940, Stephen intervened on behalf of Louis IV of France, who had been trying to bring to heel his rebellious vassals, Hugh the Great and Herbert II of Vermandois, both of whom had appealed for support from King Otto I of Germany. "Pope Stephen (VI) VII." Cummings, Joseph: "History's Great Untold Stories", page 14. Despite the contrary assertions of late writers, there is no doubt that Stephen was a … DeCormenin, Louis Marie; Gihon, James L., Cardinal-Priest of Santi Silvestre e Martino ai Monti, International Alliance of Catholic Knights, Dechristianization of France during the French Revolution, Dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, Prayer of Consecration to the Sacred Heart, Persecutions of the Catholic Church and Pius XII, Pope Pius XII Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Dogma of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pope_Stephen_VIII&oldid=949290234, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Pages using S-rel template with ca parameter, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 April 2020, at 17:07.
Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Stephen later incurred the displeasure of Alberic II, who had him imprisoned. Although the embassy did not achieve its stated objective, it did have the effect of removing the support of the Frankish bishops who had been backing Hugh and Herbert. Stephen ordered the nine-month-old cadaver redressed in papal vestments and propped up in the papal throne.
Stephen is chiefly remembered in connection with his conduct towards the remains of Pope Formosus. Corrections? It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. After Boniface’s two-week pontificate, Stephen, then bishop of Anagni, was elected pope, and the Spoletan party gained control of Rome. We have created a browser extension.
Except that he was a Roman, the son of Teudemund, and sometime cardinal-priest of St. Anastasia, and that when pope he issued certain privileges for monasteries in France and Italy, and was buried in St. Peter’s, nothing more is known of him. "Stephen VIII" redirects here. Finally, Stephen's intervention on behalf of the Frankish king Louis IV (who was in conflict with Otto) would not have occurred had Stephen been a relative of the German king, and had Stephen received the papal throne through Otto's intervention. Except that he was a Roman, the son of Teudemund, and sometime cardinal-priest of St. Anastasia, and that when pope he issued certain privileges for monasteries in France and Italy, and was buried in St. Peter's, nothing more is known of him. Found guilty, his…, …became a supporter of Pope Stephen VI (VII), who exhumed Formosus’ corpse, subjected it to a posthumous trial (the “Cadaver Synod”), and nullified Formosus’ pontificate and acts. According to the late 13th century chronicler Martin of Opava, Stephen VIII was described as being a German, who was elected pope due to the power and influence of relative Otto I. Martin states that Otto ignored the will of the cardinals in imposing Stephen upon them, and because Stephen was hated for being a German, he was taken by supporters of Alberic II, who proceeded to maim and disfigure him to such an extent that Stephen was unable to appear in public again. Compre o livro Pope Stephen VIII na Amazon.com.br: confira as ofertas para livros em inglês e importados By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Stephen was a Roman, and the son of John, a priest. Stephen VI (or VII), (born, Rome—died July/August 897, Rome), pope from May 896 to August 897. Pope Stephen VIII (Latin: Stephanus VIII ; died October 942) was the bishop of Rome and nominal ruler of the Papal States from 14 July 939 to his death. From the Catholic Encyclopedia (939-942) Pope Stephen (VIII) IX, date of birth unknown; he became pope about 14 July, 939, and died about the end of Oct., 942.  Stephen was, however, caught up in the ongoing conflict between Alberic and King Hugh of Italy, with Hugh besieging Rome in 940. , Emboldened, Stephen sought to break up the alliance against Louis by offering Herbert's son, Hugh of Vermandois, the office of archbishop of Reims.  Stephen died during October 942, and was succeeded by Marinus II. He was elected pope on July 14, 939, to succeed Leo VII.  Along with the pallium, Stephen sent another legate, with instructions to the Frankish nobility, insisting that they submit to Louis. The era in which he was elected as the successor to Pope Boniface VI was torn by factions led by Roman aristocrats and by rulers of Naples, Benevento, Tuscany, and Spoleto (of whose ruling family Stephen was a member). Stephen was born in Rome.
All ordinations performed by Formosus were annulled. His first action was to mediate between the rebellious Count Herbert II of Vermandois and Hugh the Great and King Louis IV of France, who was trying to bring them to heel. For the Moldavian ruler, see, In sources prior to the 1960s, this pope is called StephenÂ IX and, âª The Trial Of The Corpse Of Pope Formosus, âª Newman Nights: Popes, Princes, & Pastors: Community & Authority in the Medieval Church, âª Vatican System: List of Murdered Popes, 75 Popes Approved Torture, Murder, Burning at the Stake, âª The Crusade of Las Navas de Tolosa - Episode 4: Pope Innocent's Vision, 1211-1212. Pope Stephen VIII (880-1 October 942) was Pope from 939 to 942, succeeding Pope Leo VII and preceding Pope Marinus II.
, The continuing domination of the counts of Tusculum was evident throughout Stephen's pontificate, and the period is thus known as Saeculum obscurum.  With the corpse propped up on a throne, a deacon was appointed to answer for the deceased pontiff. It has become the largest of the world’s religions and, geographically, the most widely diffused of all faiths. He was accused of violating canon law and of perjury, among other charges. The true purpose of the trial, however, was the appeasement and satisfaction of political enmity; the Spoletans charged that as leader of the rival faction Formosus had crowned an illegitimate descendant of Charlemagne after he had already crowned Lambert. Stephen concluded the trial by ordering that the corpse be dragged through the streets and dumped into the Tiber River. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology.
Congratulations on this excellent ventureâ¦ what a great idea! , The continuing domination of the counts of Tusculum was evident throughout Stephen's pontificate, and the period is thus known as Saeculum obscurum. , Emboldened, Stephen sought to break up the alliance against Louis by offering Herbert's son, Hugh of Vermandois, the office of archbishop of Reims. He then proceeded to annul Formosus’ pontificate and to declare his acts (including the holy orders he had conferred) void.
Stephen VIII was born of a Roman family, and prior to becoming pope was attached to the church of Saints Silvester and Martin. Pope Stephen VIII (Latin: Stephanus VIII; died October 942) was the bishop of Rome and nominal ruler of the Papal States from 14 July 939 to his death.  The maiming of Stephen may have occurred, however, in the aftermath of the conspiracy against Alberic in the middle of 942. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Le procès du Pape Formose et ses enjeux (896-904). Both of these preceding pontiffs had preferred the East Frankish king Arnulf, and in 896 Formosus abandoned the Spoletans and crowned Arnulf Holy Roman emperor, igniting a stormy conflict between the feuding factions.
Updates? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The corpse was found guilty, stripped of its sacred vestments, deprived of three fingers of its right hand (the blessing fingers), clad in the garb of a layman, and quickly buried; it was then re-exhumed and thrown in the Tiber. Finally, Stephen's intervention on behalf of the Frankish king Louis IV (who was in conflict with Otto) would not have occurred had Stephen been a relative of the German king, and had Stephen received the papal throne through Otto's intervention.
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